# Guide to Barnyard Poker

One of the more recent trends in video poker is to tack random multipliers
onto an existing video poker game. Barnyard Poker is a good example of this
trend, and it’s more colorful and interesting than most.

The game uses farm characters to add to its theme. These characters explode
and award a multiplier about 20% of the time. These multipliers range from 3X
to 36X what you would have won otherwise.

tables work, and what happens to the payback percentage and volatility of the
game based on the additional multipliers.

## The Basics of Video Poker Generally and Barnyard Poker Specifically

If you’re a complete video poker novice, we’ll explain the basics of how VP
games works in the first few paragraphs of this section. We’ll go on to explain
the specific intricacies of Barnyard Poker after that.

If you’ve been in a casino and seen a video poker game, you already know that
it looks a LOT like a slot machine. In fact, video poker has a lot of
similarities to slots. Both games require you to insert money and convert that
money into credits to play. Both games involve being given random symbols that
pay off prizes when they land in certain combinations. And both games include a
pay table showing what the payouts are for the various combinations.

There are 2 major differences though.

The first major difference is how the randomness of the symbols are determined.
A slot machine might have 5 symbols, 10 symbols, 15 symbols, or any other number
of symbols. The probability of getting any of those symbols is unknown to the player.
It might be 1/5, 1/10, 1/20, or any other number you can imagine.

This makes it impossible to calculate the payback percentage for the game. To
know that number, you’d have to know how likely it is to get these combinations.

With video poker, though, the symbols are always the same-they’re playing
cards. And the math underlying the game duplicates the math you’d find using a
real deck of cards. There are 52 individual cards in the deck, 13 cards each in
4 different suits. The probability of getting a specific card is 1/52. The
probability of getting a card of a specific rank is 1/13. The probability of
getting a card of a specific suit is 1/4.

Knowing this, you can calculate the probability of ending up with any of the
paying combinations-which are all based on poker hands, by the way. (That
shouldn’t be a surprise because of the name of the game, but whatever.)

As a result, you CAN calculate the payback percentage for a video poker game.
You know the payoff for each combination of symbols. You also know the
probability of getting each hand. The expected value for each hand is the payoff
multiplied by the probability of getting that hand. Add all those expected
values together, and you have the payback percentage for the machine.

We’ll cover expected return, the payback percentage, and the house edge in
more detail in the next section-especially as it applies to Barnyard Poker.

But first, let’s talk about the 2nd major difference between slot machines
and video poker-the element of skill.

When you play video poker, you start by inserting money and choosing how many
credits you want to play for. You can opt to play for 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 credits
per hand. You should always play for 5 credits per hand, by the way, because the
top jackpot is higher when you do-800 for 1 instead of 250 for 1.

Once you’ve chosen how much you want to bet, the machine deals you a 5 card
poker hand. Since video poker is based on 5 card draw, you get to choose which
cards you’ll keep and which ones you’ll discard. You do this by pressing a
button labeled “HOLD” beneath each card. On newer machines, you also have the
option of just touching the card on the screen.

Then you press the “DRAW” button, and the game replaces your discarded cards.
The final value of your hand determines how much you get paid. The pay table
lists these, and the machine automatically compares the final hand with the
payoffs to award you this money.

The implication here is clear-you stand a better chance of winning more money
if you make smart decisions about which cards to keep and which ones to throw
away (sounds like a Kenny Rogers song.) If you’re unclear about the concept,
let’s look at an example:

You get a pair of queens, but the hand also has 4 cards to a royal flush. If
you hold the pair of queens and draw, you’re guaranteed an even money payoff.
That’s an expected value of 1 unit-100% multiplied by the 1 unit payoff.

But if you discard one of the queens and draw to the royal flush, you have a
roughly 2% chance of getting an 800 for 1 payoff. That’s an expected value of
800 X 2%, or 16 units.

98% of the time, you’ll miss that royal flush, but the one time out of 50 you
hit, you’ll make more than enough in winnings to make up for the other 49 losses
and then some.

Some gamblers enjoy games where they get to make meaningful decisions like
this. It gives them a sense of what philosophers like to call “agency”. These
players prefer games like blackjack, poker, and video poker to games of pure
chance like baccarat, craps, or roulette.

We always recommend choosing video poker over slots for the simple reason
that the payback percentage is almost always better. Why play a game where the
house has better odds if you don’t have to?

## Payback Percentages, Pay Tables, and the House Edge

We mentioned a few terms you might not be familiar with in the last section:

• Pay Table

A list of prizes for each possible winning combination on a
gambling machine. We’ll include example pay tables for Barnyard Poker shortly,
but the concept is simple enough.

• Payback Percentage

The theoretical amount of money you’ll win back for every
dollar you wager in a machine. It’s expressed as a percentage. If a game has a
payback percentage of 98%, you’re mathematically expected-over a long time-to
win back 98 cents every time you wager a dollar.

• House Edge

The theoretical amount of money the casino will win from every
dollar you wager at a gambling game. It’s the payback percentage subtracted from
100%. If a game has a house edge of 2%, the casino expects to win \$2 for every
\$100 you wager on the game.

It’s important to understand that these figures are long-term expectations.
You’re an individual gambler, so you’re playing in the short term-a few hundred
hands here or there. The casino, on the other hand, is playing in the long term.
They have hundreds, maybe even thousands of machines, being played 24 hours a
day, 365 days a year.

In the short term, anything can happen, which explains why gamblers sometimes
win on individual trips to the casino.

In the long run, though, the real results of the games will start to mirror
the expected results. Over the course of a year, the payback percentage will
start looking a lot like the mathematical expectation.

With video poker, the payback percentage is always calculated and expressed
with the assumption that you’re making the optimal play on every hand. If you’re
making mistakes, you’re giving up another 1% to 4% to the casino.

Most slot machines have a 95% payback percentage-or worse. Most video poker
games have a 95% payback percentage or better.

And with video poker games, you can choose the games with the better payback
percentage, because the information to calculate those numbers is available to
you.

## Multi-Play versus Single Play Video Poker Games

Another variation of video poker is the number of games you play at one time.
Traditional video poker games have you playing a single hand at a time.

But multi-play machines offer you the chance to play multiple hands at once.

But there’s a catch:

The starting hand for all your hands is the same.
You hold the same cards for all the hands, too.

But all the draws for the multiple hands are handled independently.

If you’re making the right decisions on each hand, you could end up with
some huge wins.

But even though the house has a low edge in video poker, it still has an
edge. The effect of playing 100 hands at once is to run through your bankroll
faster.

The reason we put this section in here is simple-Barnyard Poker is a 3-play
or triple-play video poker game. In other words, you must play 3 hands at once.

## The Nitty Gritty of Barnyard Poker

The first thing to understand about a Barnyard Poker machine is that you have
the option to play for 1 to 5 coins, just like you would on any other VP
machine. If you do, though, you don’t activate the extra features that make the
game different from its base game.

To activate the Barnyard Poker feature, you must bet 10 credits per
hand-doubling the normal max bet for the game. And since it’s a triple play
game, you’re betting 30 credits every time you play.

Here’s how the math works on that:

Suppose you’re playing a quarter machine. This means every credit is worth 25
cents.

30 credits X 25 cents is \$7.50 per hand

If you were playing on a dollar machine, you’d be wagering \$30 per hand.

Barnyard Poker is not a game for low rollers.

Let’s talk about what happens when you pay those extra credits, though:

The extra credits activate 2 “Multiplier Banks”.

The game decides after you place your bet whether it’s going to apply one of
the Multiplier Banks to the hands. This is decided randomly, but it’s about 20%
of the time. The multipliers are often divisible by 3, so they’re divided among
the hands evenly. If the multiplier isn’t divisible by 3, the extra is added as
a multiplier to the bottom hand.

Here are 2 examples:

1. The multiplier is 9X. It’s awarded as a multiplier of 3X to each of the
3 hands. If you win, your winnings are multiplied by 3 on each of those
hands.
2. The multiplier is 10X. It’s awarded as a multiplier of 3X on the top 2
hands, and as a multiplier of 4X on the bottom hand. If you win one of the
top 2 hands, the prize amount is multiplied by 3. If you win on the bottom
hand, the prize amount is multiplied by 4.

The multiplier banks start at 3X or 15X. There’s an 80% chance of getting a
3X starting multiplier and a 20% chance of getting a 15X starting multiplier.

These multipliers increase as you play, too. Every time you’re dealt a pair
or better, the amount of the multiplier is increased by the following amounts:

• 2
• 3
• 4
• 7
• 11
• 12
• 13
• 14
• 15

The maximum multiplier in each bank is 36X. If you get a pair when you
already have a 36X multiplier in one bank, the extra is added to the other bank.

## Base Games for Barnyard Poker

As we mentioned earlier, Barnyard Poker is one of those video poker
variations where the gimmick involves offering a multiplier to an existing game.
These games are called base games, and in the case of Barnyard Poker, the base
games include:

• Bonus Poker
• Bonus Poker Deluxe
• Deuces Wild
• Deuces Wild Bonus
• Double Bonus
• Double Double Bonus
• Jacks or Better
• Triple Double Bonus

The multipliers affect both the volatility and the payback percentage for the
games. Any time you’re placing twice as much money in bets on a game in exchange
for randomly awarded multipliers, you’re increasing the volatility of the game.

What’s Volatility?

It’s how far the actual results can be expected to deviate from the expected
results in the short term. In low volatility games, the actual results will
almost always differ from the mathematically expected results. But they won’t
differ much.

In other words, games with more volatility have wider swings, both in terms
of big wins and long periods of bigger losses.

The effect of these multipliers on the payback percentages for these games
favors the player, but not by much.

Here are some examples:

• An 8/5 Jacks or Better game normally offers an expected return of 97.3%.
With the Barnyard feature activated, this increases to 97.42%, a difference
of 0.12%.
• A Bonus Poker game which would normally pay back at 98.01% over time
pays back 98.14% with the Barnyard feature activated. This is a difference
of 0.13%.
• A Deuces Wild game which would normally have a payback percentage of
97.58% has a payback percentage of 97.87%, which is an increase of 0.19%.

We always recommend that you play video poker games with a payback percentage
of 99% or higher. The pay table with the Barnyard feature activated for Bonus
Poker Deluxe offers a payback percentage of 98.62%. That’s the best payback
percentage we know of for any variation of Barnyard Poker.

That’s the playable, but it’s far from ideal.

This is also common with these video poker variations that trade in
multiplier. They don’t offer the best pay tables. You won’t find a 9/6 Jacks or
Better Barnyard Poker game.

This is a truism that can be applied to almost any gambling game, but
especially gambling machines. The more bells and whistles offered, the lower the
payback percentage.

Of course, any of these Barnyard Poker games, even with the worst pay tables,
still offer you a better gamble than almost any slot machine.

Your decisions have no effect on the awarding of these multipliers.
Therefore, the appropriate strategy for any version of Barnyard Poker is to
follow the correct strategy for the underlying game.

Our site offers comprehensive coverage of each of the base games for Barnyard
Poker. Refer to those pages for easy-to-follow strategy tables for each of those
games.

## Where to Find Barnyard Poker in Casinos Online or Off

Barnyard Poker is an IGT game, so it’s not widely available online. You can
play a free version of the game at VideoPoker.com, though.

The easiest place to find Barnyard Poker is in Las Vegas. The game is
available at Eureka Casino, Gold Coast Hotel & Casino, Santa Fe Station Hotel &
Casino, and Suncoast Hotel & Casino. Each of those properties only has 1 or 2
machines with the game available, though.

A handful of casinos in California also offer the game, and like their
cousins in Nevada, those casinos only have 1 or 2 machines in each of them.

According to VideoPoker.com, only 36 machines with the game are available
throughout the United States. Since more than a third of those are in California