Considering that the first cryptocurrency only came into existence about a
decade ago, it is amazing to consider how many different types of the digital
coins are now in the market. It seems like each new day brings another swath of
companies and initiatives, each boasting a new coin that they hope will
revolutionize the playing field. As a cryptocurrency bettor or
investor, it can certainly be difficult to keep track of it all.
In reality, many of these coins will not last very long after their
inception. Some will fall due to the fact that the people who created them just
didn’t have a solid idea in place. Others will crumble because of the rugged
competition in the market, while still others will fall by the wayside due to
the fact that those in charge were really only trying to get rich quick from
their new coins.
If you want to get involved with cryptocurrency, it’s a good idea to figure
out which coins, and the people behind them, are worth backing. Over these ten
years, some major players have emerged who have established themselves as forces
in the market. Many are piggybacking on original ideas but trying to build upon
them, while others have brought great innovation to the cryptocurrency realm.
The world of cryptocurrency is extremely malleable, and at any given time, a
new coin can rise to near the top of the charts. But for the most part, the
coins we are about to detail have been near the peak of the market in terms of
both market capitalization and brand
awareness for a solid amount of time. It is with these coins that you should
start if you are new to cryptocurrencies and are looking for some surer things
to get yourself acclimated.
The Two Generations
Many coins are now being touted as the so-called “third generation” of
cryptocurrency, which is a boast that still hasn’t been quite backed up to any
widespread degree. It is important to note what characterizes the first two
generations, as most of the major players in cryptocurrency fall into one of
those two categories.
When you hear someone referring to the first generation of cryptocurrency
coins, they are generally talking about those coins that are intended to be used
as alternatives to traditional currencies. That was the impetus behind the
Bitcoin. Many of the most popular coins in the market are attempting to
follow in the footsteps of Bitcoin while adding their own special touches.
The second generation of cryptocurrency coins are the ones that used the same
technology as Bitcoin and its imitators but found different uses for them.
Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin bypass the third parties like banks and credit
card companies that are often used by people making simple financial
transactions. By contrast, the second generation intends to replace the
middlemen who get involved in any aspect of society, broadening the scope of
what cryptocurrency can do.
When cryptocurrency was created, it had a very narrow focus. It was intended
to be a monetary system for the people, bypassing the banks, credit card
companies, and other financial entities which usually dominate the system. And
everything started with Bitcoin.
Bitcoin is the coin that started the entire cryptocurrency movement. Created
in 2009, it was an open-source program, meaning that any developer could copy it
and use it for their own projects. And its main purpose was to allow people to
conduct monetary transactions with each other without needing to employ a
financial institution as a middleman.
The blockchain technology that would be at the heart of so many
cryptocurrencies to follow allowed Bitcoin to exist. Basically, the blockchain
is what permits the people involved in the transaction to trust that everything
is done on the up and up. But instead of this job being done by some bank or
other institution, it is done by a network of computers.
Every time a transaction occurs with Bitcoin, the network’s computers compete
to solve a mathematical problem that will verify that transaction. The winning
“miner” is rewarded with a stash of Bitcoin, which is how the supply of the
coins increases. This process gives those who are involved in the transaction
assurance that it will be carried out in a secure, transparent manner, as all
evidence of the activity is preserved on the blockchain.
Bitcoin started to spread when people began to understand the advantage they
could get out of making such an easy transaction without having to deal with
third parties. It also grew as an investment when savvy individuals saw the
potential for the coins and began to buy them up with the intent of holding on
to them, waiting for a day when they would become much more valuable.
Even as many competitors have lined up against it, Bitcoin still stands as
the dominant force in the cryptocurrency market. Many novices actually think it
is the only cryptocurrency, and although it ebbs and flows, its market share is
often near 50% of all cryptocurrency. As a result, many other coins have
targeted Bitcoin with their own initiatives.
As you might be able to tell from the name, Bitcoin Cash is a coin that
actually spun off the original Bitcoin. In the Bitcoin community, there was a
debate about how the mining process should take place in terms of the size of
the blocks of information that would be added with each new mining effort. The
Bitcoin Cash group wanted a change and thus took the open-source Bitcoin specs
and created their own coin.
Bitcoin Cash benefits somewhat from having the tangential connection to the
original brand. And there are many who swear by its ability to validate
transactions on a faster basis than Bitcoin proper. But it has a long way to go
to reach Bitcoin’s heights in terms of the value of each coin.
Litecoin has emerged to become one of the most solid alternatives to Bitcoin
as a method of paying for goods and services or receiving payment for them. This
altcoin (alternative coins are considered to be any form of cryptocurrency
besides Bitcoin) attempts to solve the problems of Bitcoin scalability.
Scalability is a word that is meant to represent how many transactions a
cryptocurrency can complete in a given amount of time.
If the scalability factor doesn’t improve for cryptocurrency, it is hard to
imagine it being a universal currency like its proponents hope it will be.
Litecoin, a steady force in the top ten of the cryptocurrency market share
charts, is an initiative designed to improve scalability.
Dash boasts much lower fees than what Bitcoin can boast. Bitcoin can
sometimes cost a few dollars to pay for something, which conceivably could be
more than the item itself. A Dash transaction will cost the buyer just a couple
The proponents of Dash also like the way that the currency is being
integrated into society with a bit more smoothness compared to other altcoins.
For example, many gambling
sites are receptive to Dash payments.
This is an interesting Bitcoin offshoot that tackles the problem of price
volatility. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are subject to the whims of
supply and demand, which means that the value of the coins can rise and fall at
any time. Many think that makes cryptocurrencies far too unstable to act as the
dominant currency for everyday people.
Tether attempts to answer that issue. In terms of usage, the coins act much
the same as Bitcoin in the way they allow payments from peer to peer. The
difference is that the value of the coins is manipulated so that each is
“tethered” to the much more stable United States dollar. That is why Tether is
the leader in a sub-category of cryptocurrency known as “stablecoins.”
As stated above, second-generation coins are looking to be more than just
payment systems or investment vehicles, although they can be those things. At
the moment, many of their plans and initiatives are speculative in nature. But
the hope is that, as more people become aware of cryptocurrency, the demand for
new ways to use cryptocurrency will spur the market and lead many of these plans
to come to fruition
If there is one other cryptocurrency coin that has arguably entered the
public consciousness on a widespread level besides Bitcoin, it is Ethereum, with its
native coin, Ether. And like Bitcoin, it was in many ways the first of its kind,
spawning many imitators in its wake who are trying to improve upon what Ethereum
The main innovation that Ethereum spawned was the concept of the smart
contract. That is a contract which is automatically set into motion by
blockchain miners once the terms are met. Those involved can make the terms as
distinctive or as simple as they want it to be, knowing that the blockchain will
be the officiator without imposing the pricey fees that a lawyer would.
In addition, Ethereum also helped to initiate the concept of decentralized
applications, or dApps. These are apps like you might see on a cell phone,
created by ambitious programmers. By using the Ethereum blockchain, however,
these programmers and creators are able to retain control of their work, instead
of having to piggyback on an internet service provider or a cellular provider to
bring it to users.
EOS is attempting to be a smarter, faster version of Ethereum. The concern is
that a lot of different entities all trying to use the blockckain at once could
be problematic, causing logjams and slower time of service. That is especially
true when you are considering elements as relatively complex as smart contracts
that are handled by the Ethereum blockchain.
In terms of dApps, EOS is also trying to become a smoother version for
developers. This particular cryptocurrency is dealing with the same issues
plaguing those trying to up-end Bitcoin, however, in that Ethereum is already
ingrained as the most popular name in the sector.
Money Transfer Coins
Perhaps the most competitive niche in the world of cryptocurrency is the one
that attempts to serve those who are attempting to do business in multiple
countries. This process is burdensome and costly for those trying to make this
happen in the traditional way. A couple of cryptocurrencies that are on the rise
are attempting to be the method by which the international money transfer gets
Ripple, which is powered by its XRP coins, is a company that is tackling the
issue of transferring money between countries. Right now, that usually requires
the transferring bank to have an account with some foreign currency in the
country to which the money will be going. That requires fees to be paid by the
businesses or individuals doing the transferring, and it also takes a while for
the whole process to take place.
Thanks to some promising patents and test results from using those patents,
Ripple seems to be on the right track to making these transfers relatively
hassle-free. Still, Ripple causes some controversy in the cryptocurrency world.
This is because they are in charge of most of their XRP coins, calling into
question whether theirs is a decentralized network.
This cryptocurrency offering, with its proprietary coin Lumen, is also honed
in on solving the problems of transferring money across country lines with
relative ease. Obviously, they claim their own technology. Perhaps the biggest
difference between Stellar and Ripple, besides the nature of the ownership of
the coins, is their clientele.
Ripple seems focused on grabbing established companies and cultivating
relationships with them. By contrast, Stellar, for the most part, has been
trying to corner markets that are less-developed.
At any moment, there might be any number of altcoins that make a temporary
move into the upper echelon of the cryptocurrency market. Many new coins often
get a surge from the excitement surrounding their initial coin offering. But it
is difficult to sustain that initial bump once they really have to compete with
others in the market on a level playing field.
As of right now, the cryptocurrency offerings that we’ve mentioned seem a cut
above the rest in terms of both stability and potential. One thing about the
cryptocurrency industry you should know, however, is that the landscape can
change on a dime.
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