History and the Start of Ladbrokes

Ladbrokes is perhaps the world’s most trusted gambling site.
Available in 23 languages and 16 currencies, it offers sports
betting, horse racing, financial betting, poker, bingo, and
casino from a single login and centralized player bank. Their
parent company has been in business since 1886, owns over 2100
brick and mortar UK betting shops, and is publicly-listed on the
London Stock Exchange. We will cover their impressive history
in depth.

It Began in Ladbroke

Depending upon where you live in the world, the brand name
Ladbrokes might seem odd. The name, however, is derived from the
village of Ladbroke, located about 2 miles (3.2 km) south of
Southam in Warwickshire, England, UK. The founder, W. H. Schwind
(nickname: Harry / legal name: Messrs), once lived in the
Ladbroke House (now part of the University of North London) and
trained horses from Ladbroke Hall, now a listed building (UK’s
equivalent of what the US calls a Historic Landmark). The
third partner of Ladbrokes, Arthur Bendir suggested the name
during his first visit upon seeing Ladbroke Hall on a sign post.

The Start of Ladbrokes

Without an official name, the company started in 1886 when a
man known only as Pennington went into partnership with Mr.
Schwind. The former bet horses were trained by the latter. In
1902, a bookmaker named Arthur Bendir joined the partnership; under the name Ladbrokes, they took on a new model. Rather
than just backing horses, they changed their focus to laying
them: working as both punters and as a bookmaker. Bendir’s
vision for the company was to service an elite clientele; with that, he was a big success.

The majority of Ladbrokes’ early clients were members of such
clubs as the Whites, the Carlton, and the Athenaeum. After moving
their offices from Hanover Square to Six Old Burlington Street,
Mayfair in 1913, Ladbrokes began focusing on attracting punters
from the tracks. In doing so, they recruited a female decedent
of a noble Scottish family named Helen Vernet. Extremely unique,
she became their on track representative, earning a place in
history as the first lady bookmaker. Ms. Vernet became a partner
in Ladbrokes in 1918 and spent many years as the face of the

Unfortunately for Ladbrokes, between the war and aging
partners, business declined greatly in the 1950’s. Upon the 1956
death of Vernet, age 80 at the time, the company was sold to
Mark Stein (known as Max Parker) and his nephew, Cyril Stein,
for £100,000. From here, the history of the company we now know
as Ladbrokes began.

The Start of Ladbrokes Plc

When the Stein’s took over the business in 1956, most of the
clients were upper class members of various gentlemen clubs in
Central London. Cyril Stein, however, recognized the need to
take on new clients. The laws at the time in the UK restricted
cash betting to on course, and all off course bookmaking had to
be done on credit. The laws also favored criminals, because
gambling debts weren’t enforceable. With his hands tied on the off
course side, Stein began sponsoring small greyhound tracks with
no minimum bet requirements, giving the Ladbrokes name greater
exposure in less privileged circles, while still maintaining
their privileged class clientele at major tracks. When the UK
legalized betting shops in 1961, this strategy paid off.

When betting shops first opened, they were strictly
regulated. Windows had to be blacked out: they had strict
opening and closing times and didn’t take bets on Sundays.
However, the ability to bet ante-post for even small stakes
attracted bettors from all circles to patronize such shops. At a
rate of about 35 new shops opening per week, over 15,000 were
available by 1968. Ladbrokes purchased their first shop in 1962,
and began using a strategy of investing most of the profits into
acquiring more. They became the first retail chain bookmaker in
the UK.

Fixed Odds Football

Quite often, articles on the
history of
gambling sites
erroneously credit Ladbrokes as the inventor
of fixed odds betting. In reality, well before Ladbrokes, a
bookmaker named Charles K. McNeil offered fixed odds on US
sports from Chicago in the 1940’s. While also credited as the
inventor, he likely wasn’t the first. Even the claim of creating
fixed odds for football (soccer) isn’t true. If you read
article on William Hill history
, you’ll discover that the
public record properly refutes such a claim.

In any case, Ladbrokes might possibly have been the first to
offer a legal opportunity to wager fixed odds on football using
cash post up in the UK. A quite famous story tells of the final
Saturday of 1963 when football results cost them over £1 million
in a net player win. Enough to crush most of their competitors,
this proved barely a hurdle; Ladbrokes would go on to become a
multibillion pound Plc.

Ladbrokes Goes Public

In 1967, Ladbrokes owned approximately 100 betting shops and
5 credit offices when they offered 1,350,000 shares for £0.50
per. It turned out that there was £60 million in application
orders, making it one of the most oversubscribed IPO’s in
history, perhaps a testament to the type of clientele and fan
base Ladbrokes had attracted over the years. For reasons that
will become obvious after reading the next section, no matter
what share price was obtained early on, those who held on
long-term made a bundle owning Ladbrokes shares.

Ladbrokes Expansion

The rapid expansion of Ladbrokes as a corporate conglomerate
could fill another article; however, we’ll give a quick run
through. In 1972, Ladbrokes acquired London & Leeds Development
Corporation through which the company expanded to over 1,100 UK
betting shops. Many were more developed than those of the 1960’s
and had more of a casino-like atmosphere. In 1984, Le Tiercé SA
was purchased, giving them ownership of 400 established betting
shops in Belgium. Marking their expansion into the United
States, in 1985 they purchased Detroit Race Course followed by
the purchase of over 100 UK outlets for £200 million in 1987.
These are only some of their acquisitions over a 15-year period.

Their biggest coup came in 1988 with the £645 million
acquisition of Hilton International, giving them ownership of
hotels in all markets other than the United States. This proved
to be a worthy investment when they sold back to the Hilton
Hotel Corporation in 2005 for £3.3 billion. Even with a cursory
overview of the non-gambling related activities of Ladbrokes Plc,
you can see that it’s no run-of-the-mill bookmaker. On the
contrary, it’s one of the richest companies in the world, and
it grew from an honest betting business founded in 1886, followed
by a series of calculated investments.

Ladbrokes 1990’s

No doubt Ladbrokes made many smart moves in the 1990’s,
including one blocked as a monopoly that could have been huge.
However, a lot of their breaks in this decade were based on how
large and dominate they were in the legal bookmaking business.
In 1993, after 37-years running the ship, Cyril Stein retired.
The company he initially purchased with his uncle for £100,000
had grown such that issued shares alone had a market value that
exceeded £2 billion.

In the year that followed his retirement (1994), the UK
national lottery went live and also removed several restrictions
that betting shops previously faced. They were now allowed to
open on Sundays, display advertisements, market on radio and
television, serve food and beverage, and offer slot machines and
scratch cards. This change saw the 1,750 betting shops Ladbrokes
held in the UK convert into the mini-casino style shops known
today. On top of this, they began purchasing actual casinos, the
first group of which included City Clubs, and their three
casinos: Maxims, Chesters, and the Golden Horseshoe for £50

In 1997, Ladbrokes made a huge acquisition, purchasing their
second largest competitor, Coral, for £375 million, which
included 800 betting shops. The deal was ruled a monopoly and
they were forced to sell the following year. With the proceeds,
they acquired Stakis, adding 22 UK casinos and 54 hotels to
their list of held assets.

Ladbrokes Goes Online in 2000

In 2000, Ladbrokes expanded its service to the Internet. Due
to the massive brand recognition and ability to advertise in
well over 2,000 UK betting shops, theirs almost instantly became
the UK’s most active betting website. Despite being
predominately UK, where their brand is as well-known as
McDonald’s fast food elsewhere, the company was quick to expand
to markets unclaimed by other bookmakers.

An early failed attempt at expansion came in 2001 when they
partnered with Playboy Magazine to launch a horse race betting
website targeted at the United States. There was much talk at
the time that the Wire Act would soon be repealed to give the US
much-needed tax revenue. Of course a decade later the same
conversation is still taking place and the Ladbrokes / Playboy
partnership has long since been abandoned. However, while the US
expansion proved a costly test, another around the same time
paid off with great dividends.

Back in 2001, Ladbrokes was a principle sponsor of the
Liverpool FC’s 2001-2002 Asian tour that saw them compete in
both Thailand and Singapore. The company shortly translated
their website into Thai and Chinese, and they began supporting many
Asian currencies with banking methods and support available to
most of South East Asia. This proved to be a great success, and
Ladbrokes is still a popular site for Asian handicap (hang cheng)
betting. They also support more football and sport leagues from
around the world than any other gambling website.

After their expansion into Asia, Ladbrokes continued to
market in their staple, the UK, while expanding to many
additional European markets. In 2004, they added a Microgaming
powered poker room to their sports and casino platform. As
mentioned, today Ladbrokes offers sports betting, horse racing,
financial betting, poker, bingo, and casino in 23 languages and
16 currencies.

The company has remained active as a legal global bookmaker.
After obtaining French and South African licenses for
Ladbrokes.co.za in 2011, in 2012 they obtained a Spanish license
as well. The majority of their business is licensed in
Gibraltar, a reputable gambling district. If you’re
looking for one of the safest and most financially secure legal
betting websites to patronize, ladbrokes.com is an excellent